1. Adolescence (Puberty): Irregular menstruation, menstrual pain, profuse or scantly menstrual flow, blood clot, leucorrhoea, unpleasant odor, etc.
Menstruation is a normal bodily function of a female marking her physiological maturity. The menstrual flow normally lasts from four to five days with minimal loss of blood and does not cause any pain. In serious cases, dysmenorrhoea or abdominal pain, headache, backache, colicky abdominal cramps, swollen ankles, fatigue, feeling low, irritability, quick temper, or even nausea, vomiting, and pain all over the body may occur during menstruation, which are telltale signs suggesting that she is suffering from physiological or functional problems.
That explains why females generally need constant regulation of menstruation and tonic the blood in order that the threat of blood deficiency can be averted. Major symptoms of blood deficiency in females include pale face, dizziness, weak pauses, cold sweat, exhaustion, irritability, insomnia, dreaminess, numbness in the hands and legs, shortness of breath, etc.
2. Postpartum Period (Puerperium): Slacking of the vagina, prolapsed uterus, stripe of pregnancy, etc.
Almost all females sooner or later go through the stages of bearing a child and giving birth. Pregnancy, childbirth, or miscarriage is likely to lead to a certain extent of pathological and physiological changes, which need to go through a stage of recovery. It is during this critical stage that females have to ensure adequate nutrition and appropriate care.
A woman may suffer from prolapsed uterus after delivery. In the absence of appropriate nourishment and failure to take up restorative exercises after bearing a child, the risk of prolapsed uterus may become higher with increasing number of pregnancy. With advancing age, the decline of female sex hormones (estrogens) as well as taxation of muscles and ligaments also brings about weakening support to the uterus, resulting in a more obvious condition of the prolepses. The vaginas of most women normally do not shrink back to their original shape after childbirth. Besides, women after childbirth also tend to experience slacking and dryness of the vagina, declining sexual sensitivity, loss of sexual pleasure, and the lack of sexual drive, causing matrimonial disharmony and incontinence of urine that will directly affect their daily life.
3. Menopause (Climacterium): Skin aging, loss of skin luster, dryness of the vagina, the lack of sexual drive, etc.
Menopause, the permanent end of a woman’s menstrual cycle, is the transition period indicating that she is gradually getting old. The subsequent discomforts and degeneration of physiological functions are the very topic all women concern most. When menopause sets in, the ovary functions begin to degenerate. Besides, the declining female sex hormones in the body also bring about numerous discomforts such as hot flash in the face, night sweat, and insomnia and, in more severe cases, virginities, vaginal irritation, inflammation of the bladder, reduced level of sexual pleasure, mast atrophy (reduction of the breasts), wrinkles appearing on the face, osteoporosis, arteriosclerosis, etc. Failure to nip these problems in the bud will eventually result in untoward tensions in the family. Due to the extended life expectancy of women today, about one third of their lifetime is constituted by that part of their lives after menopause. This fact serves to highlight the significance of healthcare during the menopausal period.