Breast Cyst

When sometime u feel pain in your breast, and when you check and feel your breast, you can’t feel anything – lump or harderness, but you are still worry…. i will suggest you to go for ultrasound.

A cyst is a fluid-filled sac which feels and looks like a lump, is actually a sac filled with fluid. Cysts occur most often in women between the ages of 35 and 55, possibly because of changes in hormone levels. However, the exact cause of cysts is not yet known. Cysts do not turn into breast cancer, and having cysts does not increase a woman’s risk of getting breast cancer.

A microcyst are too small to feel even by a gynaecologist but may be seen during imaging tests, such as mammography or ultrasound. Macrocysts are large enough to be felt and can grow to about 1 to 2 inches (2.5 to 5 centimeters) in diameter. Large breast cysts can put pressure on nearby breast tissue, causing breast pain or discomfort.

Cysts feel like round lumps that move easily under your fingers and can change during the menstrual cycle.  They feel like round lumps that move freely under your fingers. They are smooth on the outside and “squishy” when pressed. However, if the cyst is very full of fluid, it may be firm. Also, cysts deep in the breast may feel more like a firm lump, and may cause the overlying breast tissue to bulge out.

Cysts vary in size, and can change rapidly in size during the menstrual cycle. They often get larger and feel tender just before the menstrual period. Some can also appear suddenly, even overnight.

Cysts may appear by themselves, or tiny cysts may appear in groups, like a bunch of grapes, or scattered throughout the breast. Cysts can also occur within the milk ducts and glands within the breast, covered by some fibrous tissue. This is called a fibrocystic condition.

Cysts are diagnosed by using physical exam, medical history, mammography, and ultrasound.

Ultrasound is frequently used to tell whether a lump is solid or filled with fluid (a cyst). It is a painless procedure that involves holding a hand-held device against the skin while sound waves are transmitted through the breast.

Cysts are benign (not cancerous) but can be treated if painful

Since cysts are benign (not cancerous), it is safe to leave them in the breast. If a cyst is large or painful, it can be easily drained using a technique called fine needle aspiration.

Fine needle aspiration takes only a few seconds and causes no more pain than having a blood test. The procedure involves inserting a very thin needle attached to a syringe into the cyst. The doctor then draws out the fluid, collapsing the cyst like a small, punctured balloon.

Regular examinations are important

Regular examinations by you and your physician are important, since cysts can happen anytime until menopause. All new lumps should be assessed to check whether they are fluid-filled cysts or solid lumps. Cysts sometimes refill and, if painful, can be drained.

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